Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Orchids From Indonesia Defeat Orchid Records "Smallest Orchid In The World" From Ecuador

Really Platystele sp from Ecuador is the smallest?
In late 2009 the then world orchid enlivened with international news about the discovery of the smallest-sized orchids in the world. Lou Jost, American researchers have discovered a mini orchids in Ecuador which was then claimed by the international media as the world's smallest orchid. Orchids of the genus Platystele has transverse size of 2 to 2.1 mm. If the size of 2 mm is claimed as the size of the smallest orchid in the world, then in fact Indonesia has orchids with a smaller size.

The mysterious mini orchids
Super mini orchids of the genus Oberonia sp has a transverse size of 1.1 to 1.5 mm are obtained directly from an exploration in the Mentawai islands in early 2010. Orchids of the genus Oberonia sp has bright orange flowers and inflorescence arranged in a series of hundreds of flowers arranged in a regular spiral pattern.

Until this article is raised, the identity to the species level is still unknown, this other than because of its miniature size which is quite difficult in the process of identification, also because the information in the genus Oberonia Malesiana still has not been recorded properly.

The genus is minimal attention
Literature and herbarium specimens required for the identification of reference must be excavated from herbaria in the UK and Leiden, given literature and herbarium records of orchids in Indonesia is still very limited herbaria all. The literature on the species of the genus Oberonia issue of the journal publications dominated the mid-1800s to early 1900.

Decades after that, hardly ever any related publication of this genus. Until finally in 1997 came the publication of the transfer of an orchid species from Nepal who formerly had published in 1825 under the name Stelis mucronata and now transferred to the genus into Oberonia, became Oberonia mucronata. While other significant publications of the discovery of a new species Oberonia ensifolia from Sumatra (Indonesia) by JBComber, a British taxonomist, in 2001.

For additional information, that the genus Oberonia generally does have flowers with miniature size, for the same reason orchids of this genus have less commercial value among orchid enthusiasts even though researchers. That is why there has been no research since the first world to successfully perform the revision of the genus Oberonia in Indonesia or even in the region Malesiana with success, given the number of species in this region is relatively abundant.

Nevertheless, from the standpoint of botanical orchid has a value of knowledge is priceless. Very not rule out going to find orchids with a smaller size of the wilderness of Indonesia, since there are many species Oberonia in Indonesia that has not been studied further.

Thus it can be clarified that for a while, the smallest orchid in the world record held by the orchids of Ecuador has been defeated by the orchid sp Oberonia of the Mentawai islands. Note however that I am not in a position to claim Oberonia this sp as the smallest orchid in the world, because this needs a more thorough scientific review of all species of the genus Oberonia. But at least while we can be proud because Indonesia has shifted positions orchids orchids from Ecuador who previously claimed as the smallest orchid in the world.

Source : anggrek.org

Sunday, January 22, 2012

Smallest Orchid In The World Found In Ecuador

Botanists who have just discovered a new flower in Ecuador can be forgiven for having missed it until now. 

The world's smallest orchid is just 2.1mm wide, with transparent petals that are just one cell thick. It comes from the Platystele genus, which is made up of mostly miniature plants.

American scientist Lou Jost found the tiny flower by accident among the roots of a larger plant that he had collected from the Cerro Candelaria reserve in the eastern Andes. He said: 'I saw that down among the roots was a tiny little plant that I realised was more interesting than the bigger orchid.

'Looking at the flower is often the best way to be able to identify which species of orchid you’re got hold of - and can tell you whether you’re looking at an unknown species or not.'

It is the 60th new orchid that Dr Jost has discovered in the past decade.

He works for Ecuador's EcoMinga Foundation, which created the reserve in partnership with the World Land Trust in Britain.

'It is an exciting feeling to find a new species,' he said.

'People think everything has been discovered but there's much more.'

More than 1,000 orchid species have been unearthed in the South American country in the last 100 years as new roads have opened up more remote regions.

Dr Jost's most exciting find was a group of 28 types of orchids from the teagueia genus in a mountainous area near Banos, Ecuador.

The group was previously thought to only have six species.

Source: dailymail.co.uk

Friday, January 20, 2012

Largest Orchid In The World

Here it is the heavyweight champion of the world of orchids. This orchid named Grammatophyllum speciosum or are often touted by the name of G. Papuanum which is believed as one of its variants. This plant is widespread from Sumatra, Borneo, Java, to Papua. Therefore, do not be surprised if many of its variants found in plant and floral forms are slightly different. In a mature clump, this plant can reach more than 1 ton of weight and length of flower panicles up to 3 meters with a diameter of about 1.5-2 cm panicle. That is why the flower panicle flowers capable of supporting tens of 7-10 cm in diameter. From shades of the flowers ... the local population is often dubbed as the tiger orchid ... but the term is often confused with relatives, Grammatophyllum scriptum which has a similar style. Therefore, this orchid is popular as well as orchid cane, because the figure of the plant stems that resemble tree trunks sugarcane. Despite the wide spreading of this orchid ... instead faced a serious threat from uncontrolled hunting and habitat destruction. The figure of a very large tree is easily seen by the hunters, even more striking when rates rise. Not to mention the natural breeding habitats by seed is very difficult to reliably because of the slow rate of growth from seed to reach the phase of mature plants ready to bloom. Perhaps it is this which underlies why the orchid has become one of the orchid species are protected.
As a lover of orchids, orchid surely this would be one of "most wanted" in the collection list. In order to hunt wild orchids in their habitat can be controlled, then steps through vegetative and generative culture must be empowered. Moreover, this orchid is known to be very easy to grow from cuttings bulb shoots her. At least, to cultivate them vegetatively or buy orchid seed cane of vegetative propagation (cuttings of shoots from bulb) may be an effort to preserve the natural orchid Indonesia.

Source: anggrek.org

Wednesday, January 18, 2012

Cattleya Orchids Attached On Guava Trees In Large Colonies

Cattleya Labiata, known as a national icon orchid Brazil. This flower grows well at temperatures around 65 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the day and 58-60 degrees Fahrenheit at night. Because of the beauty and exceptional fragrance is often called the queen of orchids.
One of my collection have been living plants attached to the guava trees more than 20 years, the name of this plant orchid Cattleya Labiata gift from my brother a pot, then iam put on the guava tree in front of my home page, do not feel the time pass day by day month to year went by until finally attach to and grow many of forming a colony large enough, I dont know how many hundred times the bloom may be thousands of times of flowering. Cattleya Labiata orchids already several times separated (split) to be given to those who request.
Cattleya Labiata Flowers my collection  almost blooming any time, any new shoots and buds grow into adults then emerge will flower and bloom, the flowers can last for 7-9 days. The number of flowers varies 3-7 flowers (my record up to 7 flowers) depending on the weather because orchids are attached to the guava tree, flower size 7-9cm. Care Cattleya click here

Monday, January 16, 2012

Orchids Species (Cattleya Labiata)

Cattleya Labiata is a species of the genus Cattleya orchids. The original habitat of Catteya Laibata is mountainous in the north of Brazil and usually grow on trees or attached to the rocks below the natural habitat of this plant. The orchid species of plants are often used as a perfect parent. Cattleya Labiata has been used by many Catteya orchidists to produce hybrids that are very beautiful flowers.
Living in epiphytes, such as dendrobium, produce pseudobulbs to store reserves of food and water. Cattleya Labiata flowers have a big flower about 7 inches and scented fragrance. Short stalks produce two to five flowers bloom on each stem. Quite striking flower color ranges from purple to pink to dark red.
In the tropics, species are not referring to the season and marked the growth phase is usually caused by dry and rainy seasons. Cattleya Labiata is very easy to grow and care for her. Cattleya Labiata require dry time to rest after flowering until new shoots grow again. Repotting occasionally done so the new roots grow. Care Cattleya click here

Friday, January 6, 2012

Orchids Hybrid (Cymbidium Golden Elf)

Cymbidiums are one of the oldest of domesticated orchids. They have been grown in Southeast Asia and Japan for hundreds of years where the breeding and display of orchids is an art in its own. After the Phalaenopsis, they are the most commonly sold orchids for decorative display in the home.
In nature the species mostly grow as epiphytes (in trees) or as terrestrials (in the ground), but are cultivated primarily in pots as a semi-terrestrial with a medium size or mixed media (half bark and half terrestrial orchid mix). They require more watering than many other orchids except during the winter months. The most important factor for Cymbidiums is the night temperature, especially during the summer months. They prefer temperatures in the 60s, or 15 degrees C, to grow well. The miniatures will tolerate warmer night temperatures better.
Orchids Hybird Cymbidium Golden Elf my collection of flowering in January with five flower stalks, each stalk consisting of 8-13 flowers, smooth fragrant, lemon yellow 6cm-7cm diameter per flower with long flower stems 45cm-50cm.
I think this plant easy to maintain, watering done when the media has dried, the media made ​​of a mixture of charcoal, coconut fiber, fern and wood shavings with the same comparison. Pot is used with a given diameter size of 22cm pot holes around 1-2cm diameter for air circulation and to prevent over water.
Needs sunlight Cymbidium Golden Elf requires 50% sun or half shade. These plants can be stored indoors or outdoors that are important according to the character of these plants. Care Cymbidium click here