Tuesday, January 24, 2012

Orchids From Indonesia Defeat Orchid Records "Smallest Orchid In The World" From Ecuador

Really Platystele sp from Ecuador is the smallest?
In late 2009 the then world orchid enlivened with international news about the discovery of the smallest-sized orchids in the world. Lou Jost, American researchers have discovered a mini orchids in Ecuador which was then claimed by the international media as the world's smallest orchid. Orchids of the genus Platystele has transverse size of 2 to 2.1 mm. If the size of 2 mm is claimed as the size of the smallest orchid in the world, then in fact Indonesia has orchids with a smaller size.

The mysterious mini orchids
Super mini orchids of the genus Oberonia sp has a transverse size of 1.1 to 1.5 mm are obtained directly from an exploration in the Mentawai islands in early 2010. Orchids of the genus Oberonia sp has bright orange flowers and inflorescence arranged in a series of hundreds of flowers arranged in a regular spiral pattern.

Until this article is raised, the identity to the species level is still unknown, this other than because of its miniature size which is quite difficult in the process of identification, also because the information in the genus Oberonia Malesiana still has not been recorded properly.

The genus is minimal attention
Literature and herbarium specimens required for the identification of reference must be excavated from herbaria in the UK and Leiden, given literature and herbarium records of orchids in Indonesia is still very limited herbaria all. The literature on the species of the genus Oberonia issue of the journal publications dominated the mid-1800s to early 1900.

Decades after that, hardly ever any related publication of this genus. Until finally in 1997 came the publication of the transfer of an orchid species from Nepal who formerly had published in 1825 under the name Stelis mucronata and now transferred to the genus into Oberonia, became Oberonia mucronata. While other significant publications of the discovery of a new species Oberonia ensifolia from Sumatra (Indonesia) by JBComber, a British taxonomist, in 2001.

For additional information, that the genus Oberonia generally does have flowers with miniature size, for the same reason orchids of this genus have less commercial value among orchid enthusiasts even though researchers. That is why there has been no research since the first world to successfully perform the revision of the genus Oberonia in Indonesia or even in the region Malesiana with success, given the number of species in this region is relatively abundant.

Nevertheless, from the standpoint of botanical orchid has a value of knowledge is priceless. Very not rule out going to find orchids with a smaller size of the wilderness of Indonesia, since there are many species Oberonia in Indonesia that has not been studied further.

Thus it can be clarified that for a while, the smallest orchid in the world record held by the orchids of Ecuador has been defeated by the orchid sp Oberonia of the Mentawai islands. Note however that I am not in a position to claim Oberonia this sp as the smallest orchid in the world, because this needs a more thorough scientific review of all species of the genus Oberonia. But at least while we can be proud because Indonesia has shifted positions orchids orchids from Ecuador who previously claimed as the smallest orchid in the world.

Source : anggrek.org

Sunday, January 22, 2012

Smallest Orchid In The World Found In Ecuador

Botanists who have just discovered a new flower in Ecuador can be forgiven for having missed it until now. 

The world's smallest orchid is just 2.1mm wide, with transparent petals that are just one cell thick. It comes from the Platystele genus, which is made up of mostly miniature plants.

American scientist Lou Jost found the tiny flower by accident among the roots of a larger plant that he had collected from the Cerro Candelaria reserve in the eastern Andes. He said: 'I saw that down among the roots was a tiny little plant that I realised was more interesting than the bigger orchid.

'Looking at the flower is often the best way to be able to identify which species of orchid you’re got hold of - and can tell you whether you’re looking at an unknown species or not.'

It is the 60th new orchid that Dr Jost has discovered in the past decade.

He works for Ecuador's EcoMinga Foundation, which created the reserve in partnership with the World Land Trust in Britain.

'It is an exciting feeling to find a new species,' he said.

'People think everything has been discovered but there's much more.'

More than 1,000 orchid species have been unearthed in the South American country in the last 100 years as new roads have opened up more remote regions.

Dr Jost's most exciting find was a group of 28 types of orchids from the teagueia genus in a mountainous area near Banos, Ecuador.

The group was previously thought to only have six species.

Source: dailymail.co.uk